Croatia occupies the largest part of the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, which is the northernmost arm of the Mediterranean, extending furthest into the European landmass. Croatia’s shoreline and numerous islands make up the majority of the Adriatic coastline. The narrow Dinara Mountain Range separates the country’s Mediterranean region from its Central European continental part, which stretches from the eastern foothills of
the Alps in the north-west to the banks of the Danube in the east, encompassing the southern part of the fertile Pannonian lowlands.
Croatia’s mainland covers an area of 56,594 km2 and its coastal waters cover a surface area of 31,479 km2.
Croatia has 4,284,889 inhabitants.
The majority of the population are Croats, with the largest minorities being Serbs, Bosnians, Italians, Albanians, the Roma, Hungarians, Slovenes and Czechs.
System of government
Croatia is a multi-party parliamentary republic.
With 790,017 inhabitants, Zagreb is the economic, transport, cultural and academic centre of the country.
The Croatian coastline extends 6,278 km, of which 1,880 km form up the mainland coastline, and 4,398 km the coastline of the islands, islets and rocks.
Number of islands, islets, rocks and reefs
Croatia has a total of 1,244 islands, islets and rocks. The largest islands are Krk and Cres. There are 47 inhabited islands.
Dinara 1,831m above sea level.
There are three climate zones in Croatia: in the country’s continental interior the prevailing climate zone is moderately continental, with a mountain climate at 1,200 m above sea level. The areas along the Adriatic coast have a pleasantly mild Mediterranean climate with a large number of sunny days; summers are hot and dry and winters are mild and wet. The average temperatures in the area Croatian continental plains for January vary from -2°C to 0°C, with somewhat lower temperatures, up to -6°C in the mountains and hilly parts of continental Croatia. Air temperatures in January are between 4°C and 5°C along the coasts of Istria and the Croatian Littoral, while the
Dalmatian coast is milder, around 6°C. The inland parts of Istria and the Dalmatian hinterland have average January temperatures that are lower than those along the coast, from 2°C to 4°C. The average July temperatures reach 20°C to 22°C in continental Croatia, and around 15°C in the continental highlands. You can freshen up in the mountain areas at heights above 700 m, where the average temperatures in July are below 18°C. The coastline of Istria and the Kvarner Littoral is warm in July, from 22°C to 24°C.
The temperatures in the south, in Dalmatia, are between 24°C and 26°C on the coast and lower in the Neretva valley, in the hinterland, up to 24°C. The sea reaches approximately 12°C during winter, and 25°C in the summer.
The official currency in Croatia is the kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices and in the majority of tourist information offices, hotels and campsites. Credit cards (Eurocard / Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Diners) are accepted in almost all hotels, marinas, restaurants, shops and cash machines.